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Web3 API Reference

Web3 API Reference Guide#

General#

Connection#

Source Documentation

Connection is used to interact with the Solana JSON RPC. You can use Connection to confirm transactions, get account info, and more.

You create a connection by defining the JSON RPC cluster endpoint and the desired commitment. Once this is complete, you can use this connection object to interact with any of the Solana JSON RPC API.

Example Usage#

const web3 = require("@solana/web3.js");
let connection = new web3.Connection(web3.clusterApiUrl('devnet'), 'confirmed');
let slot = await connection.getSlot();
console.log(slot);
// 93186439
let blockTime = await connection.getBlockTime(slot);
console.log(blockTime);
// 1630747045
let block = await connection.getBlock(slot);
console.log(block);
/*
{
blockHeight: null,
blockTime: 1630747045,
blockhash: 'AsFv1aV5DGip9YJHHqVjrGg6EKk55xuyxn2HeiN9xQyn',
parentSlot: 93186438,
previousBlockhash: '11111111111111111111111111111111',
rewards: [],
transactions: []
}
*/
let slotLeader = await connection.getSlotLeader();
console.log(slotLeader);
//49AqLYbpJYc2DrzGUAH1fhWJy62yxBxpLEkfJwjKy2jr

The above example shows only a few of the methods on Connection. Please see the source generated docs for the full list.

Transaction#

SourceDocumentation

A transaction is used to interact with programs on the Solana blockchain. These transactions are constructed with TransactionInstructions, containing all the accounts possible to interact with, as well as any needed data or program addresses. Each TransactionInstruction consists of keys, data, and a programId. You can do multiple instructions in a single transaction, interacting with multiple programs at once.

Example Usage#

const web3 = require('@solana/web3.js');
const nacl = require('tweetnacl');
// Airdrop SOL for paying transactions
let payer = web3.Keypair.generate();
let connection = new web3.Connection(web3.clusterApiUrl('devnet'), 'confirmed');
let airdropSignature = await connection.requestAirdrop(
payer.publicKey,
web3.LAMPORTS_PER_SOL,
);
await connection.confirmTransaction(airdropSignature);
let toAccount = web3.Keypair.generate();
// Create Simple Transaction
let transaction = new web3.Transaction();
// Add an instruction to execute
transaction.add(web3.SystemProgram.transfer({
fromPubkey: payer.publicKey,
toPubkey: toAccount.publicKey,
lamports: 1000,
}));
// Send and confirm transaction
// Note: feePayer is by default the first signer, or payer, if the parameter is not set
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, transaction, [payer])
// Alternatively, manually construct the transaction
let recentBlockhash = await connection.getRecentBlockhash();
let manualTransaction = new web3.Transaction({
recentBlockhash: recentBlockhash.blockhash,
feePayer: payer.publicKey
});
manualTransaction.add(web3.SystemProgram.transfer({
fromPubkey: payer.publicKey,
toPubkey: toAccount.publicKey,
lamports: 1000,
}));
let transactionBuffer = manualTransaction.serializeMessage();
let signature = nacl.sign.detached(transactionBuffer, payer.secretKey);
manualTransaction.addSignature(payer.publicKey, signature);
let isVerifiedSignature = manualTransaction.verifySignatures();
console.log(`The signatures were verifed: ${isVerifiedSignature}`)
// The signatures were verified: true
let rawTransaction = manualTransaction.serialize();
await web3.sendAndConfirmRawTransaction(connection, rawTransaction);

Keypair#

Source Documentation

The keypair is used to create an account with a public key and secret key within Solana. You can either generate, generate from a seed, or create from a secret key.

Example Usage#

const {Keypair} = require("@solana/web3.js")
let account = Keypair.generate();
console.log(account.publicKey.toBase58());
console.log(account.secretKey);
// 2DVaHtcdTf7cm18Zm9VV8rKK4oSnjmTkKE6MiXe18Qsb
// Uint8Array(64) [
// 152, 43, 116, 211, 207, 41, 220, 33, 193, 168, 118,
// 24, 176, 83, 206, 132, 47, 194, 2, 203, 186, 131,
// 197, 228, 156, 170, 154, 41, 56, 76, 159, 124, 18,
// 14, 247, 32, 210, 51, 102, 41, 43, 21, 12, 170,
// 166, 210, 195, 188, 60, 220, 210, 96, 136, 158, 6,
// 205, 189, 165, 112, 32, 200, 116, 164, 234
// ]
let seed = Uint8Array.from([70,60,102,100,70,60,102,100,70,60,102,100,70,60,102,100,70,60,102,100,70,60,102,100,70,60,102,100,70,60,102,100]);
let accountFromSeed = Keypair.fromSeed(seed);
console.log(accountFromSeed.publicKey.toBase58());
console.log(accountFromSeed.secretKey);
// 3LDverZtSC9Duw2wyGC1C38atMG49toPNW9jtGJiw9Ar
// Uint8Array(64) [
// 70, 60, 102, 100, 70, 60, 102, 100, 70, 60, 102,
// 100, 70, 60, 102, 100, 70, 60, 102, 100, 70, 60,
// 102, 100, 70, 60, 102, 100, 70, 60, 102, 100, 34,
// 164, 6, 12, 9, 193, 196, 30, 148, 122, 175, 11,
// 28, 243, 209, 82, 240, 184, 30, 31, 56, 223, 236,
// 227, 60, 72, 215, 47, 208, 209, 162, 59
// ]
let accountFromSecret = Keypair.fromSecretKey(account.secretKey);
console.log(accountFromSecret.publicKey.toBase58());
console.log(accountFromSecret.secretKey);
// 2DVaHtcdTf7cm18Zm9VV8rKK4oSnjmTkKE6MiXe18Qsb
// Uint8Array(64) [
// 152, 43, 116, 211, 207, 41, 220, 33, 193, 168, 118,
// 24, 176, 83, 206, 132, 47, 194, 2, 203, 186, 131,
// 197, 228, 156, 170, 154, 41, 56, 76, 159, 124, 18,
// 14, 247, 32, 210, 51, 102, 41, 43, 21, 12, 170,
// 166, 210, 195, 188, 60, 220, 210, 96, 136, 158, 6,
// 205, 189, 165, 112, 32, 200, 116, 164, 234
// ]

Using generate generates a random Keypair for use as an account on Solana. Using fromSeed, you can generate a Keypair using a deterministic constructor. fromSecret creates a Keypair from a secret Uint8array. You can see that the publicKey for the generate Keypair and fromSecret Keypair are the same because the secret from the generate Keypair is used in fromSecret.

Warning: Do not use fromSeed unless you are creating a seed with high entropy. Do not share your seed. Treat the seed like you would a private key.

PublicKey#

Source Documentation

PublicKey is used throughout @solana/web3.js in transactions, keypairs, and programs. You require publickey when listing each account in a transaction and as a general identifier on Solana.

A PublicKey can be created with a base58 encoded string, buffer, Uint8Array, number, and an array of numbers.

Example Usage#

const {Buffer} = require('buffer');
const web3 = require('@solana/web3.js');
const crypto = require('crypto');
// Create a PublicKey with a base58 encoded string
let base58publicKey = new web3.PublicKey('5xot9PVkphiX2adznghwrAuxGs2zeWisNSxMW6hU6Hkj');
console.log(base58publicKey.toBase58());
// 5xot9PVkphiX2adznghwrAuxGs2zeWisNSxMW6hU6Hkj
// Create a Program Address
let highEntropyBuffer = crypto.randomBytes(31);
let programAddressFromKey = await web3.PublicKey.createProgramAddress([highEntropyBuffer.slice(0, 31)], base58publicKey);
console.log(`Generated Program Address: ${programAddressFromKey.toBase58()}`);
// Generated Program Address: 3thxPEEz4EDWHNxo1LpEpsAxZryPAHyvNVXJEJWgBgwJ
// Find Program address given a PublicKey
let validProgramAddress = await web3.PublicKey.findProgramAddress([Buffer.from('', 'utf8')], programAddressFromKey);
console.log(`Valid Program Address: ${validProgramAddress}`);
// Valid Program Address: C14Gs3oyeXbASzwUpqSymCKpEyccfEuSe8VRar9vJQRE,253

SystemProgram#

SourceDocumentation

The SystemProgram grants the ability to create accounts, allocate account data, assign an account to programs, work with nonce accounts, and transfer lamports. You can use the SystemInstruction class to help with decoding and reading individual instructions

Example Usage#

const web3 = require("@solana/web3.js");
// Airdrop SOL for paying transactions
let payer = web3.Keypair.generate();
let connection = new web3.Connection(web3.clusterApiUrl('devnet'), 'confirmed');
let airdropSignature = await connection.requestAirdrop(
payer.publicKey,
web3.LAMPORTS_PER_SOL,
);
await connection.confirmTransaction(airdropSignature);
// Allocate Account Data
let allocatedAccount = web3.Keypair.generate();
let allocateInstruction = web3.SystemProgram.allocate({
accountPubkey: allocatedAccount.publicKey,
space: 100,
})
let transaction = new web3.Transaction().add(allocateInstruction);
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, transaction, [payer, allocatedAccount])
// Create Nonce Account
let nonceAccount = web3.Keypair.generate();
let minimumAmountForNonceAccount = await connection.getMinimumBalanceForRentExemption(
web3.NONCE_ACCOUNT_LENGTH,
);
let createNonceAccountTransaction = new web3.Transaction().add(
web3.SystemProgram.createNonceAccount({
fromPubkey: payer.publicKey,
noncePubkey: nonceAccount.publicKey,
authorizedPubkey: payer.publicKey,
lamports: minimumAmountForNonceAccount,
}),
);
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, createNonceAccountTransaction, [payer, nonceAccount])
// Advance nonce - Used to create transactions as an account custodian
let advanceNonceTransaction = new web3.Transaction().add(
web3.SystemProgram.nonceAdvance({
noncePubkey: nonceAccount.publicKey,
authorizedPubkey: payer.publicKey,
}),
);
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, advanceNonceTransaction, [payer])
// Transfer lamports between accounts
let toAccount = web3.Keypair.generate();
let transferTransaction = new web3.Transaction().add(
web3.SystemProgram.transfer({
fromPubkey: payer.publicKey,
toPubkey: toAccount.publicKey,
lamports: 1000,
}),
);
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, transferTransaction, [payer])
// Assign a new account to a program
let programId = web3.Keypair.generate();
let assignedAccount = web3.Keypair.generate();
let assignTransaction = new web3.Transaction().add(
web3.SystemProgram.assign({
accountPubkey: assignedAccount.publicKey,
programId: programId.publicKey,
}),
);
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, assignTransaction, [payer, assignedAccount]);

Secp256k1Program#

Source Documentation

The Secp256k1Program is used to verify Secp256k1 signatures, which are used by both Bitcoin and Ethereum.

Example Usage#

const {keccak_256} = require('js-sha3');
const web3 = require("@solana/web3.js");
const secp256k1 = require('secp256k1');
// Create a Ethereum Address from secp256k1
let secp256k1PrivateKey;
do {
secp256k1PrivateKey = web3.Keypair.generate().secretKey.slice(0, 32);
} while (!secp256k1.privateKeyVerify(secp256k1PrivateKey));
let secp256k1PublicKey = secp256k1.publicKeyCreate(secp256k1PrivateKey, false).slice(1);
let ethAddress = web3.Secp256k1Program.publicKeyToEthAddress(secp256k1PublicKey);
console.log(`Ethereum Address: 0x${ethAddress.toString('hex')}`);
// Ethereum Address: 0xadbf43eec40694eacf36e34bb5337fba6a2aa8ee
// Fund a keypair to create instructions
let fromPublicKey = web3.Keypair.generate();
let connection = new web3.Connection(web3.clusterApiUrl('devnet'), 'confirmed');
let airdropSignature = await connection.requestAirdrop(
fromPublicKey.publicKey,
web3.LAMPORTS_PER_SOL,
);
await connection.confirmTransaction(airdropSignature);
// Sign Message with Ethereum Key
let plaintext = Buffer.from('string address');
let plaintextHash = Buffer.from(keccak_256.update(plaintext).digest());
let {signature, recid: recoveryId} = secp256k1.ecdsaSign(
plaintextHash,
secp256k1PrivateKey
);
// Create transaction to verify the signature
let transaction = new Transaction().add(
web3.Secp256k1Program.createInstructionWithEthAddress({
ethAddress: ethAddress.toString('hex'),
plaintext,
signature,
recoveryId,
}),
);
// Transaction will succeed if the message is verified to be signed by the address
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, transaction, [fromPublicKey]);

Message#

Source Documentation

Message is used as another way to construct transactions. You can construct a message using the accounts, header, instructions, and recentBlockhash that are a part of a transaction. A Transaction is a Message plus the list of required signatures required to execute the transaction.

Example Usage#

const {Buffer} = require("buffer");
const bs58 = require('bs58');
const web3 = require('@solana/web3.js');
let toPublicKey = web3.Keypair.generate().publicKey;
let fromPublicKey = web3.Keypair.generate();
let connection = new web3.Connection(
web3.clusterApiUrl('devnet'),
'confirmed'
);
let airdropSignature = await connection.requestAirdrop(
fromPublicKey.publicKey,
web3.LAMPORTS_PER_SOL,
);
await connection.confirmTransaction(airdropSignature);
let type = web3.SYSTEM_INSTRUCTION_LAYOUTS.Transfer;
let data = Buffer.alloc(type.layout.span);
let layoutFields = Object.assign({instruction: type.index});
type.layout.encode(layoutFields, data);
let recentBlockhash = await connection.getRecentBlockhash();
let messageParams = {
accountKeys: [
fromPublicKey.publicKey.toString(),
toPublicKey.toString(),
web3.SystemProgram.programId.toString()
],
header: {
numReadonlySignedAccounts: 0,
numReadonlyUnsignedAccounts: 1,
numRequiredSignatures: 1,
},
instructions: [
{
accounts: [0, 1],
data: bs58.encode(data),
programIdIndex: 2,
},
],
recentBlockhash,
};
let message = new web3.Message(messageParams);
let transaction = web3.Transaction.populate(
message,
[fromPublicKey.publicKey.toString()]
);
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, transaction, [fromPublicKey])

Struct#

SourceDocumentation

The struct class is used to create Rust compatible structs in javascript. This class is only compatible with Borsh encoded Rust structs.

Example Usage#

Struct in Rust:

pub struct Fee {
pub denominator: u64,
pub numerator: u64,
}

Using web3:

import BN from 'bn.js';
import {Struct} from '@solana/web3.js';
export class Fee extends Struct {
denominator: BN;
numerator: BN;
}

Enum#

Source Documentation

The Enum class is used to represent a Rust compatible Enum in javascript. The enum will just be a string representation if logged but can be properly encoded/decoded when used in conjunction with Struct. This class is only compatible with Borsh encoded Rust enumerations.

Example Usage#

Rust:

pub enum AccountType {
Uninitialized,
StakePool,
ValidatorList,
}

Web3:

import {Enum} from '@solana/web3.js';
export class AccountType extends Enum {}

NonceAccount#

Source Documentation

Normally a transaction is rejected if a transaction's recentBlockhash field is too old. To provide for certain custodial services, Nonce Accounts are used. Transactions which use a recentBlockhash captured on-chain by a Nonce Account do not expire as long at the Nonce Account is not advanced.

You can create a nonce account by first creating a normal account, then using SystemProgram to make the account a Nonce Account.

Example Usage#

const web3 = require('@solana/web3.js');
// Create connection
let connection = new web3.Connection(
web3.clusterApiUrl('devnet'),
'confirmed',
);
// Generate accounts
let account = web3.Keypair.generate();
let nonceAccount = web3.Keypair.generate();
// Fund account
let airdropSignature = await connection.requestAirdrop(
account.publicKey,
web3.LAMPORTS_PER_SOL,
);
await connection.confirmTransaction(airdropSignature);
// Get Minimum amount for rent exemption
let minimumAmount = await connection.getMinimumBalanceForRentExemption(
web3.NONCE_ACCOUNT_LENGTH,
);
// Form CreateNonceAccount transaction
let transaction = new web3.Transaction().add(
web3.SystemProgram.createNonceAccount({
fromPubkey: account.publicKey,
noncePubkey: nonceAccount.publicKey,
authorizedPubkey: account.publicKey,
lamports: minimumAmount,
}),
);
// Create Nonce Account
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(
connection,
transaction,
[account, nonceAccount]
);
let nonceAccountData = await connection.getNonce(
nonceAccount.publicKey,
'confirmed',
);
console.log(nonceAccountData);
// NonceAccount {
// authorizedPubkey: PublicKey {
// _bn: <BN: 919981a5497e8f85c805547439ae59f607ea625b86b1138ea6e41a68ab8ee038>
// },
// nonce: '93zGZbhMmReyz4YHXjt2gHsvu5tjARsyukxD4xnaWaBq',
// feeCalculator: { lamportsPerSignature: 5000 }
// }
let nonceAccountInfo = await connection.getAccountInfo(
nonceAccount.publicKey,
'confirmed'
);
let nonceAccountFromInfo = web3.NonceAccount.fromAccountData(
nonceAccountInfo.data
);
console.log(nonceAccountFromInfo);
// NonceAccount {
// authorizedPubkey: PublicKey {
// _bn: <BN: 919981a5497e8f85c805547439ae59f607ea625b86b1138ea6e41a68ab8ee038>
// },
// nonce: '93zGZbhMmReyz4YHXjt2gHsvu5tjARsyukxD4xnaWaBq',
// feeCalculator: { lamportsPerSignature: 5000 }
// }

The above example shows both how to create a NonceAccount using SystemProgram.createNonceAccount, as well as how to retrieve the NonceAccount from accountInfo. Using the nonce, you can create transactions offline with the nonce in place of the recentBlockhash.

VoteAccount#

SourceDocumentation

Vote account is an object that grants the capability of decoding vote accounts from the native vote account program on the network.

Example Usage#

const web3 = require('@solana/web3.js');
let voteAccountInfo = await connection.getProgramAccounts(web3.VOTE_PROGRAM_ID);
let voteAccountFromData = web3.VoteAccount.fromAccountData(voteAccountInfo[0].account.data);
console.log(voteAccountFromData);
/*
VoteAccount {
nodePubkey: PublicKey {
_bn: <BN: cf1c635246d4a2ebce7b96bf9f44cacd7feed5552be3c714d8813c46c7e5ec02>
},
authorizedWithdrawer: PublicKey {
_bn: <BN: b76ae0caa56f2b9906a37f1b2d4f8c9d2a74c1420cd9eebe99920b364d5cde54>
},
commission: 10,
rootSlot: 104570885,
votes: [
{ slot: 104570886, confirmationCount: 31 },
{ slot: 104570887, confirmationCount: 30 },
{ slot: 104570888, confirmationCount: 29 },
{ slot: 104570889, confirmationCount: 28 },
{ slot: 104570890, confirmationCount: 27 },
{ slot: 104570891, confirmationCount: 26 },
{ slot: 104570892, confirmationCount: 25 },
{ slot: 104570893, confirmationCount: 24 },
{ slot: 104570894, confirmationCount: 23 },
...
],
authorizedVoters: [ { epoch: 242, authorizedVoter: [PublicKey] } ],
priorVoters: [
[Object], [Object], [Object],
[Object], [Object], [Object],
[Object], [Object], [Object],
[Object], [Object], [Object],
[Object], [Object], [Object],
[Object], [Object], [Object],
[Object], [Object], [Object],
[Object], [Object], [Object],
[Object], [Object], [Object],
[Object], [Object], [Object],
[Object], [Object]
],
epochCredits: [
{ epoch: 179, credits: 33723163, prevCredits: 33431259 },
{ epoch: 180, credits: 34022643, prevCredits: 33723163 },
{ epoch: 181, credits: 34331103, prevCredits: 34022643 },
{ epoch: 182, credits: 34619348, prevCredits: 34331103 },
{ epoch: 183, credits: 34880375, prevCredits: 34619348 },
{ epoch: 184, credits: 35074055, prevCredits: 34880375 },
{ epoch: 185, credits: 35254965, prevCredits: 35074055 },
{ epoch: 186, credits: 35437863, prevCredits: 35254965 },
{ epoch: 187, credits: 35672671, prevCredits: 35437863 },
{ epoch: 188, credits: 35950286, prevCredits: 35672671 },
{ epoch: 189, credits: 36228439, prevCredits: 35950286 },
...
],
lastTimestamp: { slot: 104570916, timestamp: 1635730116 }
}
*/

Staking#

StakeProgram#

SourceDocumentation

The StakeProgram facilitates staking SOL and delegating them to any validators on the network. You can use StakeProgram to create a stake account, stake some SOL, authorize accounts for withdrawal of your stake, deactivate your stake, and withdraw your funds. The StakeInstruction class is used to decode and read more instructions from transactions calling the StakeProgram

Example Usage#

const web3 = require("@solana/web3.js");
// Fund a key to create transactions
let fromPublicKey = web3.Keypair.generate();
let connection = new web3.Connection(web3.clusterApiUrl('devnet'), 'confirmed');
let airdropSignature = await connection.requestAirdrop(
fromPublicKey.publicKey,
web3.LAMPORTS_PER_SOL,
);
await connection.confirmTransaction(airdropSignature);
// Create Account
let stakeAccount = web3.Keypair.generate();
let authorizedAccount = web3.Keypair.generate();
/* Note: This is the minimum amount for a stake account -- Add additional Lamports for staking
For example, we add 50 lamports as part of the stake */
let lamportsForStakeAccount = (await connection.getMinimumBalanceForRentExemption(web3.StakeProgram.space)) + 50;
let createAccountTransaction = web3.StakeProgram.createAccount({
fromPubkey: fromPublicKey.publicKey,
authorized: new web3.Authorized(authorizedAccount.publicKey, authorizedAccount.publicKey),
lamports: lamportsForStakeAccount,
lockup: new web3.Lockup(0, 0, fromPublicKey.publicKey),
stakePubkey: stakeAccount.publicKey
});
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, createAccountTransaction, [fromPublicKey, stakeAccount]);
// Check that stake is available
let stakeBalance = await connection.getBalance(stakeAccount.publicKey);
console.log(`Stake balance: ${stakeBalance}`)
// Stake balance: 2282930
// We can verify the state of our stake. This may take some time to become active
let stakeState = await connection.getStakeActivation(stakeAccount.publicKey);
console.log(`Stake Stake: ${stakeState.state}`);
// Stake State: inactive
// To delegate our stake, we get the current vote accounts and choose the first
let voteAccounts = await connection.getVoteAccounts();
let voteAccount = voteAccounts.current.concat(
voteAccounts.delinquent,
)[0];
let votePubkey = new web3.PublicKey(voteAccount.votePubkey);
// We can then delegate our stake to the voteAccount
let delegateTransaction = web3.StakeProgram.delegate({
stakePubkey: stakeAccount.publicKey,
authorizedPubkey: authorizedAccount.publicKey,
votePubkey: votePubkey,
});
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, delegateTransaction, [fromPublicKey, authorizedAccount]);
// To withdraw our funds, we first have to deactivate the stake
let deactivateTransaction = web3.StakeProgram.deactivate({
stakePubkey: stakeAccount.publicKey,
authorizedPubkey: authorizedAccount.publicKey,
});
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, deactivateTransaction, [fromPublicKey, authorizedAccount]);
// Once deactivated, we can withdraw our funds
let withdrawTransaction = web3.StakeProgram.withdraw({
stakePubkey: stakeAccount.publicKey,
authorizedPubkey: authorizedAccount.publicKey,
toPubkey: fromPublicKey.publicKey,
lamports: stakeBalance,
});
await web3.sendAndConfirmTransaction(connection, withdrawTransaction, [fromPublicKey, authorizedAccount]);

Authorized#

Source Documentation

Authorized is an object used when creating an authorized account for staking within Solana. You can designate a staker and withdrawer separately, allowing for a different account to withdraw other than the staker.

You can find more usage of the Authorized object under StakeProgram

Lockup#

Source Documentation

Lockup is used in conjunction with the StakeProgram to create an account. The Lockup is used to determine how long the stake will be locked, or unable to be retrieved. If the Lockup is set to 0 for both epoch and the Unix timestamp, the lockup will be disabled for the stake account.

Example Usage#

const {Authorized, Keypair, Lockup, StakeProgram} = require("@solana/web3.js");
let account = Keypair.generate();
let stakeAccount = Keypair.generate();
let authorized = new Authorized(account.publicKey, account.publicKey);
let lockup = new Lockup(0, 0, account.publicKey);
let createStakeAccountInstruction = StakeProgram.createAccount({
fromPubkey: account.publicKey,
authorized: authorized,
lamports: 1000,
lockup: lockup,
stakePubkey: stakeAccount.publicKey
});

The above code creates a createStakeAccountInstruction to be used when creating an account with the StakeProgram. The Lockup is set to 0 for both the epoch and Unix timestamp, disabling lockup for the account.

See StakeProgram for more.