Before running any Solana CLI commands, let's go over some conventions that you will see across all commands. First, the Solana CLI is actually a collection of different commands for each action you might want to take. You can view the list of all possible commands by running:
To zoom in on how to use a particular command, run:
solana <COMMAND> --help
where you replace the text
<COMMAND> with the name of the command you want
to learn more about.
The command's usage message will typically contain words such as
<KEYPAIR>. Each word is a placeholder for the type of
text you can execute the command with. For example, you can replace
with a number such as
100.42. You can replace
the base58 encoding of your public key, such as
Many commands using the CLI tools require a value for a
<KEYPAIR>. The value
you should use for the keypair depends on what type of
command line wallet you created.
For example, the CLI help shows that the way to display any wallet's address (also known as the keypair's pubkey), is:
solana-keygen pubkey <KEYPAIR>
Below, we show how to resolve what you should put in
on your wallet type.
In a paper wallet, the keypair is securely derived from the seed words and
optional passphrase you entered when the wallet was created. To use a paper
wallet keypair anywhere the
<KEYPAIR> text is shown in examples or help
documents, enter the uri scheme
prompt:// and the program will prompt you to
enter your seed words when you run the command.
To display the wallet address of a Paper Wallet:
solana-keygen pubkey prompt://
File System Wallet
With a file system wallet, the keypair is stored in a file on your computer.
<KEYPAIR> with the complete file path to the keypair file.
For example, if the file system keypair file location is
/home/solana/my_wallet.json, to display the address, do:
solana-keygen pubkey /home/solana/my_wallet.json
If you chose a hardware wallet, use your
solana-keygen pubkey usb://ledger?key=0